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Java Micronaut REST Server with PostgreSQL

🕓 45 minutes

What you’ll learn#

How to set up your application for :

  • connecting to PostgreSQL database,
  • getting data from REST API,
  • providing data to REST API.

In this tutorial, we will create a simple java component with Java Micronaut Data scaffolder with connection to PostgreSQL database storage. We want to expose a single REST endpoint for getting the basic client data information, creating a microservice CRUD layer above DB storage.

clientDataDB

Project source#

This example project can be cloned from: http://gitlab.cloud.codenow.com/public-docs/client-authorization-demo/client-data-db.git

Prerequisites#

  • Prepare your local development environment for CodeNOW with Micronaut.
  • Run PostgreSQL locally.
    • You can run PostgreSQL directly or using docker compose.
    • Configuration file for docker-compose can be downloaded from the link that can be found in the section Docker compose and third-party tools of the Java Micronaut Local Development tutorial.
  • Create a new component

Steps#

Open your IDE, import created component and start coding:

  • Define jpa entity Client. This simple table will store basic client data:

    • Generate getters and setters with your IDE

      package io.codenow.client.data.db.service.repository.entity;
       import java.time.LocalDate;
       import javax.persistence.Entity; import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue; import javax.persistence.Id;
       @Entity public class Client {     @Id     @GeneratedValue     private Long id;
           private String username;     private String firstname;     private String surname;     private LocalDate birthdate; }
  • Create a new ClientRepository, which is a basic CRUD interface for micronaut data DB access:

    package io.codenow.client.data.db.service.repository;
    import io.codenow.client.data.db.service.repository.entity.Client;import io.micronaut.data.jdbc.annotation.JdbcRepository;import io.micronaut.data.repository.CrudRepository;import io.reactivex.Maybe;
    @JdbcRepositorypublic interface ClientRepository extends CrudRepository<Client, Long> {    Maybe<Client> findByUsername(String username);}
  • Create a new controller and put all the parts together

    • For more details about Micronaut controller, see: https://docs.micronaut.io/latest/guide/index.html#httpServer

      package io.codenow.client.data.db.service.controller;
       import javax.inject.Inject; import javax.validation.constraints.NotNull;
       import io.codenow.client.data.db.service.repository.ClientRepository; import io.codenow.client.data.db.service.repository.entity.Client; import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Consumes; import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Controller; import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Get; import io.micronaut.http.annotation.PathVariable; import io.micronaut.http.annotation.Produces; import io.micronaut.validation.Validated; import io.reactivex.Flowable; import io.reactivex.Maybe;
       /**  * ClientDataController.  */ @Validated @Controller("/db") @Produces @Consumes public class ClientDataController {
           private final ClientRepository clientRepository;
           @Inject     public ClientDataController(ClientRepository bookRepository) {         this.clientRepository = bookRepository;     }
           @Get("/clients")     public Flowable<Client> listClients() {         return Flowable.fromIterable(clientRepository.findAll());     }
           @Get("/clients/{username}")     public Maybe<Client> getClient(@PathVariable @NotNull String username) {         return clientRepository.findByUsername(username);
           }
       }
  • Next prepare database configuration:

    • Go to the PgAdmin console (http://localhost:5050 if using compose-postgre from our Local development manual) and create a new db client-db with the scheme client-data.

    • Add maven dependency to your pom.xml

       <dependency>      <groupId>org.postgresql</groupId>      <artifactId>postgresql</artifactId>      <version>42.2.11</version>  </dependency>
  • Now change the local configuration in codenow/config/application.yaml:

    • Fill {db user} and {db password} according to your local development setup

      danger

      These settings are valid only in your local development environment to connect to your local database! Never store your credentials in the codebase! You don't have to implement your own solution for the secure storage of credentials. In CodeNOW, credentials are securely stored for each deployed service (database/message broker/...). You can find how to set up the service connection in CodeNOW in the Deployment Tutorial and in the Connecting Services Tutorial.

    • Make sure you follow yaml syntax (especially whitespaces)

      datasources:   default:     url: jdbc:postgresql://localhost:5432/client-db?currentSchema=client-data     driverClassName: org.postgresql.Driver     username: {db user}     password: {db password}     schema-generate: CREATE   dialect: POSTGRES
  • Do not forget to change the swagger.yaml. Check it in the example project: src/main/resources/META-INF/swagger/swagger.yaml

  • Try to build and run the application in your IDE. After startup, you should be able to access your new controller’s swagger: http://localhost:8080/swagger/index.html

clientDataDBSwagger

Deploy to CodeNOW#

If your code works in the local development, you are ready to push your changes to GIT and try to build and deploy your new component version to the CodeNOW environment.

What`s next?#

See the tutorial Micronaut REST server with Redis and Kafka.