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Java Spring Boot REST Server with PostgreSQL

đź•“ 45 minutes

What you’ll learn#

How to set up your application for :

  • connecting to the PostgreSQL database
  • getting data from REST API
  • providing data to REST API.

In this tutorial, we will create a simple java component with Java Spring Boot scaffolder with a connection to the PostgreSQL database storage. We want to expose a single REST endpoint for getting the basic client data information, creating a microservice CRUD layer above the DB storage.

clientDataDB

Project source#

This example project can be cloned from: http://gitlab.cloud.codenow.com/public-docs/java-spring-boot-demo/java-spring-boot-rest-server-with-postgresql.git

Prerequisites#

  • Prepare your local development environment for CodeNOW with Spring Boot.
  • Run PostgreSQL locally.
    • You can run PostgreSQL directly or using docker compose.
    • The configuration file for docker-compose can be downloaded from the link that can be found in the section Docker compose and third-party tools of the Java Spring Boot Local Development tutorial.
  • Create a new component

Steps#

Open your IDE, import the created component and start coding:

  • Add these maven dependencies to your pom.xml file:

    <dependency>    <groupId>javax.persistence</groupId>    <artifactId>javax.persistence-api</artifactId>    <version>2.2</version></dependency>
    <dependency>    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>    <version>2.3.3.RELEASE</version></dependency>
  • Define the JPA entity Client. This simple table will store the basic client data:

    • Generate getters and setters with your IDE

      package org.example.service.repository.entity;
      import java.time.LocalDate;
      import javax.persistence.Entity;import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;import javax.persistence.Id;
      @Entitypublic class Client {    @Id    @GeneratedValue    private Long id;
          private String username;    private String firstname;    private String surname;    private LocalDate birthdate;}
  • Create a new ClientRepository, which is a basic CRUD interface for Spring Boot data DB access:

  • Create a new controller and put all the parts together

    • For more details about Spring Boot controllers, see: https://docs.spring.io/spring/docs/3.0.0.M4/reference/html/ch15s03.html

      package org.example.service.controller;
      import org.example.service.repository.ClientRepository;import org.example.service.repository.entity.Client;import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;import reactor.core.publisher.Flux;
      import javax.validation.constraints.NotNull;import java.util.List;
      @RestController@RequestMapping("/db")public class ClientDataController {
          private final ClientRepository clientRepository;
          @Autowired    public ClientDataController(ClientRepository clientRepository) {        this.clientRepository = clientRepository;    }
          @GetMapping("/clients")    public List<Client> listClients() {        return clientRepository.findAll();    }
          @GetMapping("/clients/{username}")    public Flux<Client> getClient(@PathVariable @NotNull String username) {        return Flux.just(clientRepository.getClientByUsername(username));    }}
  • Next prepare database configuration:

    • Go to the PgAdmin console (http://localhost:5050 if using compose-postgre from our Local development manual) and create a new db client-db with the scheme client-data.

    • Add maven dependency to your pom.xml:

      <dependency>    <groupId>org.postgresql</groupId>    <artifactId>postgresql</artifactId>    <version>42.2.11</version></dependency>
  • Now change the local configuration in codenow/config/application.yaml:

    • Fill {db user} and {db password} according to your local development setup

      danger

      These settings are valid only in your local development environment to connect to your local database! Never store your credentials in the codebase! You don't have to implement your own solution for the secure storage of credentials. In CodeNOW, credentials are securely stored for each deployed service (database/message broker/...). You can find how to set up the service connection in CodeNOW in the Deployment Tutorial and in the Connecting Services Tutorial.

    • Make sure you follow yaml syntax (especially whitespaces)

      server:    port: 8080spring:    main:        banner-mode: off    zipkin:        enabled: false    datasource:        url: jdbc:postgresql://localhost:5432/client-db?currentSchema=client-data        username: {db user}        password: {db password}        driverClassName: org.postgresql.Driver    jpa:        properties:            hibernate:                dialect: org.hibernate.dialect.PostgreSQL95Dialectmanagement:    endpoints:        web:            exposure:                include: health, prometheus
  • Try to build and run the application in your IDE. After startup, you should be able to access your new controller’s swagger: http://localhost:8080/swagger/index.html

clientDataDBSwagger1clientDataDBSwagger1

Deploy to CodeNOW#

If your code works in the local development, you are ready to push your changes to GIT and try to build and deploy your new component version to the CodeNOW environment.

What’s next?#

See our other developer guides: